An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who has undertaken additional specialist training in the diagnosis and management of disorders of the eye and visual system.

Ophthalmology training equips eye specialists to provide the full spectrum of eye care, including the prescription of glasses and contact lenses, medical treatment and complex microsurgery.

In Australia and New Zealand, an ophthalmologist is required to have undertaken a minimum of 12 years of training, including:

Many ophthalmologists are also involved in scientific research into causes and cures for eye diseases and vision problems.

What is the difference between an ophthalmologist, optometrist and orthoptist?

All are eye care professionals, but only an ophthalmologist is a medically trained specialist.

Optometrists

Optometrists examine eyes, give advice on visual problems, and prescribe and fit glasses or contact lenses. If eye disease is detected, an optometrist will refer patients to an ophthalmologist for further management. In certain circumstances, ophthalmologists and optometrists work collaboratively in the care of patients, especially those with chronic eye diseases.

The typical training for an optometrist in Australia and New Zealand includes:

Orthoptists

Orthoptists are allied health professionals who are trained to diagnose and manage disorders of eye movements and associated vision problems. They are also trained to perform investigative testing of eye diseases. They work in a diverse range of settings, including hospitals, private practices, low vision and rehabilitation settings and research centres.

Orthoptic training is undertaken in a 4 year Bachelor of Health Sciences/ Master of Orthoptics university degree.